Jacksonville Veterinarian Answers Questions About Pet Anesthesia
Whether our veterinarian performs a dental procedure or spay and neuter surgeries, your pet will need to be anesthetized. Although the idea is scary to many owners, anesthesia is safe for most pets. Our vet here in Jacksonville NC uses proven, pet-safe anesthesia in all surgeries performed at the Animal Hospital of Onslow County. Read on as we answer questions from Jacksonville pet owners about anesthesia and their pets.
How Does Anesthesia Work?
Anesthesia is a gas administered to pets through an endotracheal tube that renders them unconscious throughout a surgical procedure. We control the pet’s level of unconsciousness so the vet can work while the animal remains still and pain-free. Stillness is a must in order for the vet to be able to perform the procedure.
Is Anesthesia Really Safe?
In most cases, for healthy pets, anesthesia is perfectly safe. If the pet’s health is compromised from either known or unknown factors, then complications, or even death, could occur. This is why before every surgery the veterinarian performs a thorough physical, including blood and urine analysis to identify any underlying unknown issues.
What Are Anesthesia Risk Factors?
A number of things may put pets at a higher risk for anesthesia complications including:
- Being overweight
- Being fed food or water after the instructed time
- Previously reacting to sedation or anesthesia
- Neglecting to tell the vet about any medications
How Does the Veterinarian Keep My Pet Safe During Surgery?
The safety factor begins with the pre-op physical exam and concludes when you have safely taken your pet home after she or he as recovered in our recovery area. Before surgery and after your pet has been given the green-go light, the vet administers a light sedative which calms him or her and allows us to insert the IV used to administer fluids and medications if necessary. Once the IV is in place, anesthesia is administered through an endotracheal tube, which also provides oxygen to the pet during the surgery, and then surgery begins. To ensure your pet stays safe throughout the procedure, we measure and monitor all vitals including:
- Body temperature
- Respiration rate
- Pulse rate
- Blood pressure
- Blood oxygen and CO2 levels
What About Recovery From Anesthesia?
After the surgery, pets are moved to a calm, quiet and semi-dark area to wake up from the anesthesia and recover. They are closely monitored so we can quickly respond should any complications arise. We supply each recovery kennel with blankets and pads to keep them warm, remove the endotracheal tube, and perhaps the IV if no further fluids or medications are necessary. Depending on how quickly your pet recovers from anesthesia and how serious the surgery, he or she may be able to return home the day of surgery.
Here in Jacksonville NC, you won’t find a more capable, caring and experienced veterinarian than here at our animal hospital. Do give us a call at (910) 353-1722 to find out lots more.